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12 Days of Christmas
12/15 & 12/16:

Trip Alarm Trip Alarm 12

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PLUS one FREE UGLY Trip Wire


*While supplies last. Limited to stock on hand.

Pyrotechnic Formulas: Fountain, Gerb and Bengal Fire Compositions

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Chapter 2:Fountain, Gerb & Bengal Fire Compositions

Fountain #1
Source: rec.pyrotechnics
Comments:
Preparation:

Barium nitrate....................................45
Potassium nitrate.................................5
Meal powder.......................................5
Aluminum..........................................45

Fountain #2
Source: rec.pyrotechnics
Comments:
Preparation:

Meal powder.......................................72
Potassium nitrate.................................7
Charcoal..........................................7
Dark Aluminum.....................................7
Aluminum (-80/+120)...............................7

Fountain #3
Source: rec.pyrotechnics. Posted by Tom Perigrin <tip@lead.aichem.arizona.edu
Comments:
Preparation: Charcoal, sulfur and potassium nitrate are ball milled and very fine. Iron is medium coarse. After mixing (by diaper method), add an equal weight of course meal powder (about 1Fg to 2Fg equivalent), and mix that in too.

Potassium nitrate.................................50
Charcoal..........................................10
Sulfur............................................15
Iron..............................................25

Fountain #4
Source: Shimizu[1], page 127
Comments: This mixture was used in the fountains on the cover of the book. The metal powder can be either aluminum, magnalium or titanium.
Preparation:

Black powder, finely powdered.....................70
Pine charcoal.....................................4
Metal powder......................................26

Fountain #5
Source: Homepage of Tom Peregrin <tip@lead.aichem.arizona.edu
Comments:
Preparation:

Potassium nitrate.................................24
Charcoal..........................................4
Sulfur............................................4
Iron..............................................10

Fountain #6
Source: Homepage of Tom Peregrin <tip@lead.aichem.arizona.edu
Comments:
Preparation:

Potassium nitrate.................................2
Charcoal..........................................41
Sulfur............................................1
Iron..............................................1
Meal Powder.......................................6

Fountain #7
Source: Homepage of Tom Peregrin <tip@lead.aichem.arizona.edu
Comments:
Preparation:

Potassium nitrate.................................2
Charcoal..........................................4
Iron..............................................2
Meal Powder.......................................4

Fountain #8
Source: Homepage of Tom Peregrin <tip@lead.aichem.arizona.edu
Comments:
Preparation:

Potassium nitrate.................................8
Sulfur............................................3
Sb2S3.............................................1
Meal Powder.......................................2

Fountain #9
Source: Homepage of Tom Peregrin <tip@lead.aichem.arizona.edu
Comments:
Preparation:

Sb2S3.............................................8
Aluminum..........................................4
Meal Powder.......................................40

Fountain #10
Source: Homepage of Tom Peregrin <tip@lead.aichem.arizona.edu
Comments:
Preparation:

Sb2S3.............................................9
Dextrin...........................................4
Sodium oxalate....................................6
Meal Powder.......................................40

Fountain #11
Source: Homepage of Tom Peregrin <tip@lead.aichem.arizona.edu
Comments:
Preparation:

Potassium nitrate.................................3
Charcoal..........................................1
Sulfur............................................1
Aluminum..........................................1
Meal powder.......................................2

Blue fountain
Source: rec.pyrotechnics, posted by EFFECTS <effects@aol.com
Comments:
Preparation: Granulate the mixture with a small amount of alcohol. Let dry and press into tubes. Very slowly burning mixture. Don t substitute shellac with red gum.

Ammonium perchlorate..............................7
Stearin...........................................2
Copper(II)oxide...................................1
Shellac...........................................0.5

Gerb #1
Source: rec.pyrotechnics
Comments:
Preparation:

Meal powder.......................................73
Iron (60 mesh)....................................27

Gerb #2
Source: rec.pyrotechnics
Comments:
Preparation: The iron must be treated with linseed or tung oil.

Meal powder.......................................4
Charcoal fines....................................1
Steel fillings....................................2

Bengal fire #1
Source: Chemical abstracts[14] 122, 595944
Comments: Improved color, larger sparks and increased scatter radius for sparks.
Preparation:

Zr................................................2-5
Cast iron shot....................................18-23
Fe powder.........................................20-25
Al powder.........................................2-5
Corn dextrin binder...............................3-6
Potato starch binder..............................0.5-1.5
Barium nitrate....................................balance

Bengal fire #2
Source: Chemical abstracts[14] 122, 59595
Comments: Increased combustion time
Preparation:

di-Buphtalate.....................................3-5
Fe-powder.........................................20-29
Al-powder.........................................4-7
Polyvinylbutyral binder...........................11-17
NH4NO3 inhibitor..................................1-4
Ammonium perchlorate..............................balance

Green bengal fire #1
Source: rec.pyrotechnics. Posted by Sweden <sweden@synchron.ct.se
Comments:
Preparation:

Barium nitrate....................................80
PVC...............................................10
Red Gum...........................................10

Green Bengal fire #2
Source: "Mengen en Roeren"[6] , page 223
Comments:
Preparation:

Barium chlorate...................................90
Shellac...........................................10

Green Bengal fire #3
Source: "Mengen en Roeren"[6] , page 223
Comments:
Preparation:

Barium chlorate...................................23
Barium nitrate....................................59
Potassium chlorate................................6
Shellac...........................................10
Stearic acid......................................1

Green Bengal fire #4
Source: "Mengen en Roeren"[6] , page 223.
Comments: Burns nice and slowly leaving little residue, but not with a green color.
Preparation:

Barium nitrate....................................6
Potassium nitrate.................................3
Sulfur............................................2

Blue Bengal fire #1
Source: "Mengen en Roeren"[6] , page 223.
Comments: This is a dangerous mixture since it contains a copperammonium complex and a chlorate.
Preparation:

Potassium chlorate................................6
Copper ammonium sulphate..........................8
Shellac...........................................1
Willow charcoal...................................2

Blue Bengal fire #2
Source: "Mengen en Roeren"[6] , page 223.
Comments: Burns moderately fast with a blueish-white color.
Preparation:

Potassium chlorate................................40
Copper sulphate...................................8
Colophonium.......................................6

Gold fountains I
 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Potassium nitrate 

72

44

66

46

45

40

Meal powder

9

17

15

16

Charcoal, 150 mesh 

8

7

9

8

Charcoal, 40-100 mesh 

16

20

17

Charcoal, 28 mesh

4

17

Lampblack

12

Sulfur

8

9

3

6

8

Iron, 20 mesh

30

7

8

24

Aluminum, flitter, 10-30 mesh

5

4

consolidation 

rammed

rammed 

pressed, funnel and wire

pressed, funnel and wire

pressed, funnel and wire 

rammed

choke

clay, crimped 

clay, crimped 

none

cardboard washer 

cardboard washer

clay, crimped 

comments

Use in tube with 18 to 75 mm I.D.

Use in tube with 18 to 75 mm I.D.

Use in tube with 12 to 24 mm I.D., 5 to 15 cm long

Use in tube with 12 to 24 mm I.D., 5 to 15 cm long

Use in tube with 12 to 24 mm I.D., 5 to 15 cm long

Use in tube with 18 to 75 mm I.D.

Gold fountains II
 

Perigrin 

Perigrin 

Perigrin 

Perigrin 

Perigrin 

name 

Basic meal 

Iron #1 

Iron #2 

Iron #3

Yellow

Potassium nitrate 

8

24

2

2

Meal powder

2

6

4

40

Sulfur

3

4

1

Charcoal

4

1

1

Antimony trisulfide 

8

Iron, 60 mesh

10

1

2

Sodium oxalate

6

consolidation

rammed

rammed

rammed

rammed

rammed

choke

clay

clay

clay

clay

clay

comments

can be unchoked 

can be unchoked 

can be unchoked 

can be unchoked 

can be unchoked 


 

Silver fountains
 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Blankley 

Potassium nitrate 

44

7

5

22

66

Barium nitrate

45

45

Meal powder

9

72

5

Sulfur

9

11

8

Charcoal, 40-100 mesh

7

Charcoal, 150 mesh 

8

Charcoal, air float

13

Iron, 20 mesh

Titanium, 20-40 mesh

30

11

13

Aluminum, dark pyro 

7

15

11

Aluminum, 80-120 mesh 

7

15

Aluminum, flitter, 10-30 mesh

15

consolidation

rammed

rammed

pressed

rammed, pressed 

pressed

choke

clay, crimped 

clay

clay

none 

clay

comments

Use in tube with 18 to 75 mm I.D.

Use strong tube (very high temperature mix)

Use in tube 12 to 24 mm I.D., 5 to 15 cm long

 

Flower pot
 

Lancaster

Potassium nitrate 

53

Meal powder

7

Sulfur

23

Orpiment

7

Lampblack

10

consolidation

funnel and wire 

choke

clay 

 

Cone fountains
 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Shimizu 

Shimizu

Potassium perchlorate

63

Ammonium perchlorate 

70

Potassium nitrate

54

52

55

Meal powder 

60

Sulfur

9

10

9

Hemp charcoal

13

Charcoal, 40-100 mesh 

24

13

13

Charcoal, 28 mesh

5

Iron, 60 mesh

24

20

23

Titanium, 20-40 mesh

16

Aluminum, bright

18

Aluminum, flitter, 30-80 mesh 

10

Magnalium, -200 mesh

30

Shellac, 60 mesh

9

consolidation

hand pressed 

hand pressed 

hand pressed 

hand pressed 

hand pressed 

hand pressed 

choke

cone taper

cone taper

cone taper

cone taper

cone taper 

cone taper 

 

Set piece gerbs
 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster

Potassium nitrate 

8

Meal powder

84

73

64

Sulfur

8

Charcoal, 150 mesh 

16

Iron, 60 mesh

27

20

choke

pulled-in, half diameter 

pulled-in, half diameter 

pulled-in, half diameter 

consolidation

rammed

rammed

rammed

 

Glitter gerbs
 

Lancaster 

Meal powder 

68

Antimony trisulfide 

14

Sodium oxalate

11

Aluminum, bright

7

Boric acid

+1

consolidation

pressed

choke

none

comments

Other glitter star formulas 
may work as well 

 

Rains
 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Meal powder 

75

75

80

Charcoal, 40-100 mesh 

25

23

5

Aluminum, dark pyro 

5

Aluminum, bright

1

5

Aluminum, 80-120 mesh 

1

5

consolidation

funnel and wire

funnel and wire

funnel and wire

choke

none

none

none

comments

Use in tube with 6 to 9 mm I.D., 7.5 to 12.5 cm long 

Use in tube with 6 to 9 mm I.D., 7.5 to 12.5 cm long 

Use in tube with 6 to 9 mm I.D., 7.5 to 12.5 cm long 

 

Flying squibs
 

Lancaster 

Lancaster 

Lancaster

Potassium nitrate 

8

5

Barium nitrate 

60

Meal powder 

64

91

Sulfur

4

Charcoal, 150 mesh 

24

6

Aluminum, dark pyro 

25

Aluminum, bright

3

Aluminum, flitter, 30-80 mesh 

10

consolidation

rammed

rammed

pressed

choke

crimped

crimped

crimped

comments

Use in tube with 8 mm I.D. 

Use in tube with 8 mm I.D. 

Requires priming composition; use in tube with 8 mm I.D.